CHARGING OF POWDERS
Dust and powders can get charged by contact or friction between the particles, especially if the individual particles have different properties, such as varying sizes or differing materials. Such charging could result in the particles sticking together. More common, however, are processes in which a powder is being transported through a system of tubes, and the powder as a whole is being charged by friction with the walls of the tube system. This kind of charging might take place if either the powder, the tubes, or both are insulative.